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Hybrid-Spline Dictionaries for Continuous-Domain Inverse Problems

T. Debarre, S. Aziznejad, M. Unser

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, in press.

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We study one-dimensional continuous-domain inverse problems with multiple generalized total-variation regularization, which involves the joint use of several regularization operators. Our starting point is a new representer theorem that states that such inverse problems have hybrid-spline solutions with a total sparsity bounded by the number of measurements. We show that such continuous-domain problems can be discretized in an exact way by using a union of B-spline dictionary bases matched to the regularization operators. We then propose a multiresolution algorithm that selects an appropriate grid size that depends on the problem. Finally, we demonstrate the computational feasibility of our algorithm for multiple-order derivative regularization operators.

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