TV-Based Spline Reconstruction with Fourier Measurements: Uniqueness and Convergence of Grid-Based Methods
T. Debarre, Q. Denoyelle, J. Fageot
Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, vol. 422, paper no. 114937, 13 p., in press.
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We study the problem of recovering piecewise-polynomial periodic functions from their low-frequency information. This means that we only have access to possibly corrupted versions of the Fourier samples of the ground truth up to a maximum cutoff frequency Kc. The reconstruction task is specified as an optimization problem with total-variation (TV) regularization (in the sense of measures) involving the Mth order derivative regularization operator L = DM. The order M ≥ 1 determines the degree of the reconstructed piecewise-polynomial spline, whereas the TV regularization norm, which is known to promote sparsity, guarantees a small number of pieces. We show that the solution of our optimization problem is always unique, which, to the best of our knowledge, is a first for TV-based problems. Moreover, we show that this solution is a periodic spline matched to the regularization operator L whose number of knots is upper-bounded by 2 Kc . We then consider the grid-based discretization of our optimization problem in the space of uniform L-splines. On the theoretical side, we show that any sequence of solutions of the discretized problem converges uniformly to the unique solution of the gridless problem as the grid size vanishes. Finally, on the algorithmic side, we propose a B-spline-based algorithm to solve the discretized problem, and we demonstrate its numerical feasibility experimentally. On both of these aspects, we leverage the uniqueness of the solution of the original problem.