EPFL
 Biomedical Imaging GroupSTI
EPFL
  Publications
English only   BIG > Publications > Sparsity


 CONTENTS
 Home Page
 News & Events
 People
 Publications
 Tutorials and Reviews
 Research
 Demos
 Download Algorithms

 DOWNLOAD
 PDF
 Postscript
 All BibTeX References

Sparsity and Infinite Divisibility

A. Amini, M. Unser

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 2346-2358, April 2014.



We adopt an innovation-driven framework and investigate the sparse/compressible distributions obtained by linearly measuring or expanding continuous-domain stochastic models. Starting from the first principles, we show that all such distributions are necessarily infinitely divisible. This property is satisfied by many distributions used in statistical learning, such as Gaussian, Laplace, and a wide range of fat-tailed distributions, such as student's-t and α-stable laws. However, it excludes some popular distributions used in compressed sensing, such as the Bernoulli-Gaussian distribution and distributions, that decay like exp(−𝒪(|x|p)) for 1 < p < 2. We further explore the implications of infinite divisibility on distributions and conclude that tail decay and unimodality are preserved by all linear functionals of the same continuous-domain process. We explain how these results help in distinguishing suitable variational techniques for statistically solving inverse problems like denoising.


@ARTICLE(http://bigwww.epfl.ch/publications/amini1401.html,
AUTHOR="Amini, A. and Unser, M.",
TITLE="Sparsity and Infinite Divisibility",
JOURNAL="{IEEE} Transactions on Information Theory",
YEAR="2014",
volume="60",
number="4",
pages="2346--2358",
month="April",
note="")

© 2014 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from IEEE.
This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.