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Variational Image Reconstruction from Arbitrarily Spaced Samples: A Fast Multiresolution Spline Solution

M. Arigovindan, M. Sühling, P. Hunziker, M. Unser

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 450-460, April 2005.

We propose a novel method for image reconstruction from nonuniform samples with no constraints on their locations. We adopt a variational approach where the reconstruction is formulated as the minimizer of a cost that is a weighted sum of two terms: 1) the sum of squared errors at the specified points and 2) a quadratic functional that penalizes the lack of smoothness. We search for a solution that is a uniform spline and show how it can be determined by solving a large, sparse system of linear equations. We interpret the solution of our approach as an approximation of the analytical solution that involves radial basis functions and demonstrate the computational advantages of our approach. Using the two-scale relation for B-splines, we derive an algebraic relation that links together the linear systems of equations specifying reconstructions at different levels of resolution. We use this relation to develop a fast multigrid algorithm. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach on some image reconstruction examples.

AUTHOR="Arigovindan, M. and S{\"{u}}hling, M. and Hunziker, P. and
        Unser, M.",
TITLE="Variational Image Reconstruction from Arbitrarily Spaced Samples:
        {A} Fast Multiresolution Spline Solution",
JOURNAL="{IEEE} Transactions on Image Processing",

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