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An Iterated Rational Filter Bank for Audio Coding

T. Blu

Proceedings of the Third IEEE Signal Processing Society International Symposium on Time-Frequency and Time-Scale Analysis (IEEE-SP'96), Paris, French Republic, June 18-21, 1996, pp. 81-84.



This paper proposes a regular third-of-an-octave filter bank for high fidelity audio coding. The originality here is twofold: first, the filter bank is an iterated orthonormal rational filter bank for which the generating filters have been designed so that its outputs closely approximate a wavelet transform. This is different from the known coding algorithms which all use an integer filter bank, and most often a uniform one; second, the masking procedure itself is modelized with the help of a wavelet transform unlike the classical procedure in which a short time spectrum is computed and which gives rise to unwanted preecho effects. The masking procedure is then made equivalent to a quantization procedure. A simple non-optimized algorithm has been worked out in order to show the benefits of such a structure, especially in terms of preecho (which is perceptually inaudible), and the disadvantages, especially as far as delay is concerned.


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