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Optimized Wavelet Denoising for Self-Similar α-Stable Processes

P. Pad, K. Alishahi, M. Unser

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 63, no. 9, pp. 5529-5543, September 2017.

We investigate the performance of wavelet shrinkage methods for the denoising of symmetric-α-stable (SαS) self-similar stochastic processes corrupted by additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN), where α is tied to the sparsity of the process. The wavelet transform is assumed to be orthonormal and the shrinkage function minimizes the mean-square approximation error (MMSE estimator). We derive the corresponding formula for the expected value of the averaged estimation error. We show that the predicted MMSE is a monotone function of a simple criterion that depends on the wavelet and the statistical parameters of the process. Using the calculus of variations, we then optimize this criterion to find the best performing wavelet within the extended family of Meyer wavelets, which are bandlimited. These are compared with the Daubechies wavelets, which are compactly supported in time. We find that the wavelets that are shorter in time (in particular, the Haar basis) are better suited to denoise the sparser processes (say, α < 1.2), while the bandlimited ones (including the Held and Shannon wavelets) offer the best performance for α > 1.6, the limit corresponding to the Gaussian case (fBm) with α = 2.

AUTHOR="Pad, P. and Alishahi, K. and Unser, M.",
TITLE="Optimized Wavelet Denoising for Self-Similar $\alpha$-Stable
JOURNAL="{IEEE} Transactions on Information Theory",

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